Scary Things That Could Happen If You Get Gum Disease

HEALTH  |  December 20, 2017
  • So here’s the shocker…
    1 / 4 So here’s the shocker…

    Also known as periodontal disease, gum disease can affect the supporting structures around the tooth that includes the gum and the bone.

    Here’s the surprising fact: There is scientific evidence to suggest that gum disease may also increase the risk of other systemic diseases like heart disease, diabetes and premature child birth.

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  • The different types of gum disease
    2 / 4 The different types of gum disease

    Gum disease can be broadly classified into two categories: gingivitis and periodontitis.

    Gingivitis is a milder type of gum disease where only the gums are affected, and its symptoms include swollen and bleeding gums. When diagnosed early and treated accordingly, gingivitis is reversible and your gums can be perfectly healthy again.

    If left untreated, though, it can progress into a more serious type of gum disease known as periodontitis, where both the gums and the bone surrounding the tooth are affected. Periodontitis can lead to irreversible bone loss around the tooth, resulting in shaky teeth, pain and eventual tooth loss.

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  • What causes gum disease?
    3 / 4 What causes gum disease?

    The main cause is harmful bacteria on the surface of our teeth and gums that presents itself as a thin, visible, whitish or yellowish layer. This is known as dental plaque and can be easily removed by brushing your teeth.

    But if left too long on your teeth’s surface, it can calcify to form rough dental calculus or stones on the surface of the teeth, and can only be removed by a dentist.

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  • Treatment and prevention
    4 / 4 Treatment and prevention

    To prevent gum disease, you must get the dental plaque on the teeth surface removed and maintain good oral hygiene by brushing regularly. Daily flossing is important, too, because it can reach areas in between the teeth that a toothbrush cannot reach.

    Regular visits to the dentist are essential, as plaque and calculus build-up in hard-to-reach areas of the teeth can be cleaned thoroughly with special dental instruments. Your dentist will also conduct routine X-rays of the teeth and supporting bones to evaluate gum disease risk.

    (Also Read: 8 Common Mistakes You Make While Brushing Your Teeth)

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    A version of this story first appeared in The Finder.

     

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