Leave behind your fears and hesitation of performing CPR.
It is perfectly normal to feel fearful and hesitant about performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), but it doesn’t have to be as scary as it seems. With the right knowledge, anyone is capable of performing hands-only CPR. You never know when someone else’s life may depend on you. Find out if the fears you have about performing CPR are warranted and learn how you can perform hands-only CPR. Yes, right here, right now.
Why learn hands-only CPR?
Cardiac arrests or the sudden loss of heart function may strike unexpectedly. And when that happens, the survival rate of the victim is highly dependent on whether they receive CPR from people nearby. Receiving CPR within a few minutes of a cardiac arrest can double or triple a person’s chance of survival. According to the American Heart Association, 70 per cent of cardiac arrests that happen outside the hospital occur at home. So if you ever have to perform CPR, it is very likely to be for your loved ones.
Dispel your fears
1. “I am afraid of harming the person.”
If you fear injuring the the victim under cardiac arrest, consider this: injuries sustained can be healed but the victim may not survive if CPR is not performed immediately.
2. “I am afraid I will get sued if the person dies.”
Singapore’s penal code will protect the rights of the bystander. As long you are acting in good faith to assist a cardiac arrest victim, it is unlikely that you will get persecuted by the law.
3. “I don’t know how to perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.”
Good news – as its name suggests, hands-on CPR does not require any mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, making it even easier to learn. Furthermore, it is not true that hands-only CPR is less effective than traditional CPR.
4. “How do I know what pace to compress the chest at?”
The American Heart Association recommends applying compressions to the pace of the Bee Gee’s 1970s song ‘Stayin Alive’. It has at least 100 beats per minute, the same rate recommended for CPR chest compressions.
Performing hands-only CPR
Step one: Call 995 for an ambulance
Remain calm and stay on the line with the SCDF 995 call dispatcher. They will be able to assist you with executing CPR over the phone if you require guidance.
Step two: Check the casualty’s breathing
If the casualty is breathing steadily, no CPR is required. But if the breathing is irregular or there is no breathing, ensure the casualty is lying flat before performing CPR.
Step three: Apply compressions
Place the heel of one hand at the centre of the casualty’s chest. Place the heel of your other hand on top of your first hand and interlace your fingers.
Step four: Stayin’ Alive
Straighten both elbows and use the heel of your palm to push hard and fast to the beat of ‘Stayin Alive’. Continue until the ambulance crew arrives or when the casualty shows signs of life.
Watch the video by Bring Back The Beat SG to master hands-only CPR.