How to Prevent Tooth Decay in Young Kids

Health  |  June 18, 2017
  • 1. BEWARE THE BOTTLE
    1 / 10 1. BEWARE THE BOTTLE

    Avoid putting your child to bed with a bottle containing formula milk or any other sweetened fluids. As saliva flow tends to be reduced during sleep, the liquid from the bottle will pool around the teeth and stay there for a long time, which increases the risk of decay.

    During the daytime, do not use a bottle of milk or juice as a pacifier or let your child walk around with a bottle in his mouth.

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  • 2. LIMIT SWEET TREATS
    2 / 10 2. LIMIT SWEET TREATS

    The bacteria in one’s mouth interacts with sugar from food and drinks to produce acids, which dissolve and damage the teeth. Saliva helps to reduce the harmful effects of this acid.

    As such, limit your child’s sweet snacks and drinks to the main meal times, as this is when saliva flow is greatest.

    Additionally, since most children have a sweet tooth, parents should encourage them to consume less food and drinks containing added sugar.

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  • 3. KNOW THAT FORMULA MILK MAY CAUSE TOOTH DECAY
    3 / 10 3. KNOW THAT FORMULA MILK MAY CAUSE TOOTH DECAY

    Formula milk tends to have a higher sugar content than breast milk and fresh milk, and is more likely to cause cavities. The regular intake of formula milk may result in tooth decay.

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  • 4. DON'T SHARE UTENSILS
    4 / 10 4. DON'T SHARE UTENSILS

    Avoid sharing utensils with your young child, or “cleaning” a pacifier by putting it into your mouth. This is because your mouth may contain cavity-causing bacteria, which can pass from the saliva in your mouth to your child’s mouth.

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    (Also read: What to Do When Your Child Hates Seeing The Dentist)

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  • 5. START BRUSHING EARLY
    5 / 10 5. START BRUSHING EARLY

    Begin brushing your child’s teeth twice a day with a wet toothbrush as soon as the first tooth erupts.

    You should begin to teach your child how to brush his teeth with toothpaste once he is old enough to spit. This generally begins at around age two or three.

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  • 6. LET YOUR CHILD TAKE OVER, BUT NOT TOO SOON
    6 / 10 6. LET YOUR CHILD TAKE OVER, BUT NOT TOO SOON

    Continue to brush your child’s teeth for him until he has the dexterity to do so himself. This will generally occur at around age seven, or when your child is able to tie his own shoelaces.

    Even after your child begins brushing his own teeth, you should continue to supervise him and check areas such as the back and inner surfaces of the teeth to make sure those areas are properly brushed.

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  • 7. BRUSH UP ON GOOD BRUSHING HABITS
    7 / 10 7. BRUSH UP ON GOOD BRUSHING HABITS

    Teeth should be brushed at least twice a day – once in the morning and once at night. Children should spend at least three minutes brushing.

    When brushing teeth, the toothbrush bristles should be placed at the junction between the gums and teeth. All three surfaces of the teeth – the outer, inner and chewing surfaces of upper and lower teeth – should be brushed thoroughly.

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  • 8. CHOOSE THE RIGHT TOOTHBRUSH
    8 / 10 8. CHOOSE THE RIGHT TOOTHBRUSH

    Toothbrushes for children should have small heads and soft bristles. The toothbrush should be changed when the bristles are worn out, as such toothbrushes may injure the gums and will be less effective in removing plaque.

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    (Also read: Survey Shows More Than Half of People Actually Brush Their Teeth Wrongly)

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  • 9. TEACH YOUR CHILD TO EAT RIGHT
    9 / 10 9. TEACH YOUR CHILD TO EAT RIGHT

    Strong sources of calcium such as low-fat milks, cheese, yogurt, and broccoli are crucial in building strong teeth. Lean meats, nuts, and proteins also help to strengthen tooth enamel.

    Finally, crunchy fruits and vegetables with high water content such as celery, pears, and cucumbers, help to clean the teeth by removing some substances that adhere to the teeth when eating.

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  • 10. VISIT THE DENTIST
    10 / 10 10. VISIT THE DENTIST

    Start taking your child to the dentist when he turns one, or when he gets his first tooth. This will allow dental problems to be managed early, and will make subsequent dental visits less traumatic for your child.

    Parents who wish to access basic dental treatment for their pre-schooling children may bring them to polyclinics, or to the School Dental Centre located at the Health Promotion Board (HPB).

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